Utetes manii (Fullaway, 1951)
For additional information, see the Utetes page.
Taxonomic History / Nomenclature
This species was originally described as Opius manii by Fullaway (1951). It was later formally transferred from Opius to Utetes by Wharton (1997). Utetes had been recognized as a subgenus of Opius by Fischer (1972), and later elevated to generic rank by Wharton (1988). However, most of the species that attack Tephritidae were not formally transferred to Utetes until 1997, after Utetes had been redefined (Wharton 1997).
Striate sculpture is present on the second metasomal tergum, which is characteristic of the bianchii species group. Utetes manii and U. bianchii are the only two species in this group that have been reared from tephritids.
Biology / Hosts
Utetes manii has been reared in southern India from fruit samples containing Bactrocera dorsalis Wharton and Gilstrap (1983). It was imported to Hawaii against this pest during the Oriental fruit fly biological control program that was initiated in the late 1940s (Clausen et al. 1965). It was not successfully cultured in Hawaii since only males were produced in the laboratory (Clausen et al. 1965).