Ichneumonidae Latreille, 1802
Members of the family Ichneumonidae are occasionally reared from infested fruits, but most of those that emerge directly from the fruit are parasitoids of lepidopteran and (to a lesser extent) coleopteran larvae. The ichneumonids attacking fruit-infesting Tephritidae are nearly always pupal parasitoids, often attacking the host after it leaves the fruit. Thus, they are rarely sampled during most rearing programs. Ichneumonids have generally been reared only from those species that have been extensively studied, and for which adequate samples of puparia have been collected from the soil (e. g. Palaearctic Rhagoletis, see Hoffmeister 1990, 1992). Genera reared from tephritids include Gelis (Figs. 4, 5), Phygadeuon (Figs. 1-3), Pleolophus, and Cremnodes, all members of the subfamily Cryptinae.
1. Phygadeuon sp. fore wing, left... Phygadeuon sp. fore wing, left ↴
2. Phygadeuon sp. habit... Phygadeuon sp. habitus: lateral ↴
3. Phygadeuon sp. ab... Phygadeuon sp. abdomen: dorsal ↴
4. Gelis sp. female, habitus: lateral... Gelis sp. female, habitus: lateral ↴
5. Gelis sp. female, habitus: l... Gelis sp. female, habitus: lateral ↴
No referenced distribution records have been added to the database for this OTU.